Vedic Roots – Origin | Vedic Scriptures & Sanskrit Literature | Insight 101
Hindu Scriptures & Sanskrit Literature | Mathomathis would like to present an article on Root By Kadambi Srinivasan | Published by | Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams | Tirupati 2019. The following article would focus on Hindu Scriptures & Sanskrit Literature. Three religions are regarded as the oldest having come down to us from prehistoric times. They are Hinduism, Zoroastrianism and Judaism. Sanskrit, as defined by Panini, is the classical Sanskrit which…
The term Vyasa in Sanskrit language means “compiler” and Vyasa Maharishi/Saint/Guru is an important figure in most vedanta dharma/tradition and so called today as “hindu” tradition. He is sometimes called Veda Vyasa i.e. “One who classified the Vedas” or Krishna Dvaipayana. Guru Vyasa is the author of the important epic in vedanta dharma which is “Mahabharata”. He is also a character in it. He is considered to be the scribe of both the Vedas and Puranas. According to Vedanta believers, Guru Vyasa is an avatar of the lord Vishnu himself. Vyasa is also considered to be one of the seven Chiranjivini’s (long lived or immortals), who are still in existence. Guru Vyasa lived around the 3rd millennium BCE. The festival of Guru Purnima is dedicated to him. It is also known as Vyasa Purnima, for it is the day believed to be both his birthday and the day he divided the Vedas. It is said that there have been 28 Vyasas before the present Vyasa whose name is Krishna Dvaipayana and he took his birth at the end of Dwapara Yuga. Krishna Dvaipayana was born of Parasara Rishi through the Matsya (Fish) kanya (girl) Satyavathi Devi under some peculiar and wonderful circumstances. Parasara was a great saint and a very respectable and a knowledgeable human being and was holding on supreme authorities on astrology and his book Parasara Hora is still a textbook on astrology. He has also written a Smriti known as Parasara Smriti which is held in such high esteem that it is quoted by our present day writers on sociology and ethics. Scriptures do give the information that the primordial guru/teacher for Vyasa is Vasudeva. Scriptures also mentions Vyasa also studied the under sages liked Sanaka and Sanandana Guru Veda Vyasa classified the Vedas into four division which we refer to as: Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharvana/Atharva Veda, which was one of the biggest gift to human society. Since guru vyasa created the sub division and hence he is referred to as Veda Vyasa, or “Splitter of the Vedas”. He was the editor of the Vedic literature. The Sanskrit word Vyasa means split, differentiate, or describe; it also means editor. This title is the most popular way of referring to him. Sage Vyasa was also the author of Brahmasutra and also the author of 18 puranas and took ‘Upakhyanas’ or discourses as a method of teaching. Vyasa also categorized 3 methods of practices where a human can explore to its full capability and those are: “Path of Karma”, “Path of devotion or upasana”, “Path of knowledge or Jnana” and it is said that the last work of Vyasa was Bhagavatam which was started with the help of Deva-Rishi Narada.
Mathomathis would like to present the article on the Vaimanika Shastras – Vimana Shastras by Maharshi Bharadwaaja Propounded by Venerable SUBBARAYA SHASTRY Translated into English and Edited, Printed and Published by G.R. JOSYER SCHOLAR, HISTORIAN, ESSAYIST, SANSKRITIST Printed at CORONATION PRESS, MYSORE-4, INDIA. Readers are advised to complete the previous article https://mathomathis.com/vaimanika-shastras-vimana-shastras-102-32-secrets/ before proceeding further. Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 11: “Phala Moola Kanda Saarovaa | “Or essence of fruits, roots, and bulbs.” Bodhaananda Vritti: In this sutra it is stated that preparations made from edible roots, potato and other bulbous vegetables, and from fruits are also suitable as food. “Ashana-Kalpa” says, If food made of grains is not available, that from roots, bulbs, and fruits may by used as food, in the form of flour, sugarcandy, manjoosha or jaggery, honey, milk, ghee, oily-products, and roots and berries which contain sweet, salt, pungent, acrid, and alkaline tastes. Such roots are said to be 56 in number. They should be purified, powdered, and duly cooked, and made into balls, and given out for use as food. Similarly the bulbous vegetables which are of 16 kinds, and fruits which are of 32 kinds, and food prepared out of them are excellent food, Food from roots develops brain, nourishes the body, strengthens the bones, and gives virility. Food from bulbs promotes brilliance, and bodily vigour, and strengthens the life current. Food from fruits nourishes mind, intelligence, blood, flesh, and vital liquids. Therefore these alternatives are recommended for pilots of Vimanas. Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 12: “Apicha Trinaadeenam | “Even grasses, herbs and shrubs.” Bodhaananda Vritti: This sutra indicates that even grasses, herbage, and creepers, could be made to yield food. Says “Ashana-Kalpa”, Like roots, bulbs and fruits, grasses, shrubs and herbs, provide good food for men. Six kinds of doorva grass, 6 kinds of munja hemp, 6 kinds of darbha or long grass, 6 kinds of shoundeera, and 6 kinds of Ashwakarna or sal, or mimordica charantia, Shatamoolee of 3 kinds, Kaaruvellee; Chandravellee, Madhuvellee, Varchulee, Makutee vellee, sugandhaa, and sooryavellee may be made to yield good food, nutritious and bracing. Selected by men who know them well, these vegetation, including their flowers, shoots, and leaves, by proper cleaning and cooking, may be made to yield solid or liquid food, which will serve as satisfactory substitute food for pilots of Vimanas. And Somavallee or moon-plant, Chakrikaa, Rasavallikaa, Kooshmandavallee, Ikshuvallee, Pishtavallaree, Sooryakaanta, Chandrakaanta, Meghanaada, Punarnava, Avantee, Vaastu, Matsyaakshee, and Rukma and others, provide good bases for lasting food, duly mixed with sweets and condiments. Lohaadhikaranam: Metals Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 13: “Athha Yaana Lohaani | “Next, the Metals for aeroplanes”” Bodhaananda Vritti: Having dealt with clothing and food for pilots, now the metals suitable for aeroplanes are being dealt with. Says Shounaka: There are 3 kinds of metals named somaka, soundaalika, and mourthwika. By mixing them, 16 kinds of heat-absorbing metals are produced. Their names are ushnambhara, ushnapaa, ushnahana, raajaamlatrit, veerahaa, panchaghna, agnitrit, bhaarahana, sheetahana, garalaghna, amlahana, vishambhara, vishalyakrit, vijamitra and Vaatamitra etc. “Maanibhadra Kaarika,” or “Dictas of Manibhadra,” Says, “Metals which are light, and are suitable for producing aeroplanes are 16. They are heat absorbing, and should be used in the manufacture of aeroplanes.” Saamba also says that the 16 metals formed by mixing the root metals, soma, soundaala and mourthwika, are non-heat-conductors and are useful for Vimanas. Their characteristics are now examined. In the 7th layer of the earth, in the third mine therein, metals of the Soma series are found. They are of 38 kinds. Among them there are three from which Ooshmalohas or heat resisting metals are to be extracted. “Lohatantra” or “Science of Metals” also says that in the 3rd section of the 7th layer of the earth, Metals of Souma class, possessed of 5 special qualities, are called “beejalohas” or “root-metals”. There are 3000 metal bearing layers within the earth. Of them 1300 layers contain the better quality. In the 7th layer metals are of 27 types. The 3rd type of metals are of five-fold qualities, and are known as root metals. The origin of metals of the Soma class is thus described in “Lohakalpa.”: “The gravity of the centre of the earth, the gravity of global earth, the solar flood, the air force, the force emanating from the planets and stars, the sun’s and moon’s gravitational forces, and the gravitational force of the Universe, all together enter the layers of the earth in the proportion of 3, 8, 11, 5, 2, 6, 4, 9, and, aided by the heat and moisture therein, cause the origin of metals, of various varieties, grades and qualities.” The Souma group of metals are named, as per sage Atri, in “Naamaartha Kalpa”. “Souma, Sowmyaka, Soundaasya, Soma, Panchaanana, Praanana, Shankha, Kapila are the names of the Souma metals, with distinct qualities indicated by their names.” The name “Souma” consists of sounds, s, on, ma, and ha, “Paribhaasha Chandrika” and “Vishwambhara Kaarikaa” state, “The oceanic force and solar force instil 4 kinds of forces into root metals. The sum total of the forces are said, according to “Vaalmeeki Ganitha” to number 1, 67, 768. Some of these forces are indicated by the sound “s” Some of the forces emanating from the sun and the elements are indicated by the sound “ou”. Similarly other concerned forces are indicated by the letters “ma” and “ha”. The Varuna and Soorya force contents of all root metals are of four groups. In each group the force content is said to be 1, 67, 768. Of the Koorma and Kashyapa forces of Vaaruna group, the 67th from Ooshaa koorma, and the 85th Kaashyapa force, called “Kaala”, are indicated by the letter “Sa”. Of the solar group of forces, maartaanda and bhoota 71st, and the ruchika force 160 are indicated by the sound “ra”. Similarly, of the forces of sun and stars in aditi, the 9th called “Sundaa”, and the stellar force 101 called “Bhowma” are indicated by the letter “Ma”. And in the dhruva varga, soma and baadaba forces, 109 and 14 respectively, […]
The following article is an continuation from the previous article Nada Sound in Vedic Science | 101. i.e. Vayu and Antariksha are Amrita because these are Amrita (immortal). Pervading is their quality. So these are Yat (motion). This is also ‘Tyat’ because it is indivisible by other thing. So He the Supreme Brahman is the lord of Amrita which consists of above all the four qualities that resides in the field and all this is his essence. This Mantra clearly explains that the consciousness is the cause of matter and not the later of prior one. i.e: “Time, inherent nature, necessity, chance, the elements, the subject are not the authors of the Universe. Not even their combinations as there is what is called as Atma superior to all this. Even Atma is not the ‘Isa’ or controller because it is subject to good and bad. This disposes of the materialist argument as material is always an object of good and bad, knowledge and non-knowledge. This Brahman is purposely called objectless consciousness because the presence of object shows the division of that existence into two subject and object, which means the cognizance or understanding. It is no doubt difficult to understand what consciousness without atleast an element of cognizance is. Yet it can never be the object of any cognizance whatsoever. It is the subject, never completely an object. So the mother of whole Universe according to Upanishads is Consciousness. Cognizance is subject-object relationship whereas consciousness is pure ocean like indistinguishable existence. This consciousness is peculiar because it is seen by some one as subject and some other as object.” Another important inadequacy of science is the destiny of sound. Where does the sound of modern physics go? The answers of the sound physicist of the modern age for the question: where does the sound go after the sound source came to rest? What happens to the waves that the sound produced and released? These questions are halting, hesitant and insufficient. They say sound dissipates at this stage. The sound waves having lost their origin, the vibrating source which has seized to vibrate, do not get the energy to renew themselves, and they get weaker and weaker and, finally, when the waves also seize, the sound ceases. But where is the sound dissipated to? No suitable answer is there to physicist. Justice Mukharji wrote that – “Scientists give an explanation as no energy is lost, the modern physicist applies the theory of the conversion of the energy, to say that the sound energy in waves is conveyed to other energies. How it is converted, when it is converted, and what it is converted are questions left unanswered in physics.” Indian metaphysics objects this dissipation or conversion theory of sound. According to metaphysics sound is deathless and more it is the source of the universe. In the words of Mukharji – “When we say that the vibrating wire has ceased to vibrate, we only speak a degree of truth with an equal degree of falsehood. Everything vibrates. The resting atom has within it the vibrating atomic solar system. It is emanating the cosmic radiations all the time. We, of course, do not see them with our eyes. Sound lasts therefore so long Universe lasts as manifestation. Sound therefore is the eternal condition and companion of the Universe. This view has also has an answer to the query, where does the sound ultimately go? The answer is that it is absorbed into the element of Akasha or Vyoman. It is the claim of metaphysics that if you can fashion and refashion your needle of awareness to fit in different grooves of the concentration of sound, then you can play on the disk of the record of the gramophone of the Universe to reproduce any past sound that ever occurred, whether was sounded millions and millions of years ago or yesterday. That is how silence speaks, solitude sings, and the spheres send their sirens. Sound is the eternal witness. Sound is the eternal record. It is the perennial companion which will not submit to any separation. There is no past that can be irretrievably buried. Every sound is in the record of the Akasha indelibly impressed. Books inks and pens therefore are not our only records, Akasha or the Vyoman is the home of all sounds. This sound is described in the metaphysics as Anahatanada, the unstruck sound which creates, destroy and recreate manifold Universe. The shorter the wavelengths and greater the frequency, the greater is the conquest of distance, and you catch the distant sounds across continents. But even the shortest imaginable wave length cannot compare with sound without wavelength or vibration. It not only conquers continents, but also conquers all time and all space. In the case of this Anahata or non vibratory sound, it is no longer a difference between degrees of wavelengths.” Indian metaphysics explains Sphota the unmanifest, potential as Nadabrahman or Sabda Brahma. Two types of sound exist in the words we utter. One is the cause of the sound and other is the one that denotes the object. The source sound resides in the mind in subtle form before the second sound expresses itself in the uttered words or sound. Justice Mukherji explained this as – “every thought or every idea is sound. The moment you think make a sound, though you do not here it. The moment an idea occurs in your mental canvas, there is a sound, though you do not see it or hear it. It is this sound which is the mother of all forms that constitute the manifest Universe. Sound wells out from the stage of non vibration to the stage of vibration. Sound therefore is not always Dhvani, sound includes both the voice and the word and the sound of so called innate objects. While all this is Shabdha or sound, it has a second and a third part. The second part is the Artha, meaning or the object and the […]
Mathomathis would like to present article on Indian Astronomy | Astronomical Dating of Events | 103 by the author Kosla Vepa Published by Indic Studies Foundation, 948 Happy Valley Rd., Pleasanton, Ca 94566, USA. Previous article can be found here (Indian Astronomy | Astronomical Dating of Events | 102) Their website can be located Indicstudies.us. The studies is also conducted by N.S. Rajaram PhD. Author’s in the volume 1 of their research start their discussion on a topic called Why are History and the Chronology Important by Kosla Vepa PhD. Majumdar, the great historian, asserts that history records the achievements of man. According to him, history deals with facts, which can be known only from records kept. Western Scholars, while acknowledging that unlike other ancient civilizations, the ancient traditions in Bharat (India) have been preserved without a break down to the present day, have generally argued that Bharatiyas lack a sense of history and that there is a dearth of ‘historical texts’ in Bharata, that contain records of dates and events. Hence, they deny the existence of any ‘historical record’ for Bharata. These scholars have discounted the fact that two of the greatest epics of the world, Ramayana and Mahabharata are traditionally regarded as itihasas, i.e., historic texts and that there are in addition, a host of supporting texts in the form of Puranas. Ignoring the fact that Bharata has its own sense of history and the purpose of history, which differs from their own concept of history, the scholars have systematically misrepresented the chronology of Bharata so as to fit some misguided theory and have often proposed rather fanciful hypotheses. For example, one scholar even suggested that Lord Krishna , the most important personality in the whole epic, was not in existence at the time of the Mahabharata war! All of the itihasa and Purana – texts mentioned above have been considered less trustworthy as records of dates and events because of possible interpolations as they were transmitted orally over a very long period of time. However, these texts do contain references to astronomical events, many of which are genuine and can be regarded as inscriptions in the sky. If properly deciphered and validated, the astronomical events can form the basis of providing reliable chronology. Recently powerful computer software products marketed generically as planetarium software have become commercially available. These computer programs can project the view of the sky at any time, and at any place in the world, all at the touch of a mouse. The planetarium software can therefore be used advantageously to project the view of the ancient sky and validate the “deciphering of celestial inscriptions,” by comparing the descriptions in the texts with the actual views of the sky. The author has shown that the astronomical references in various texts can be simulated using the planetarium software resulting in a reliable inference of the date of the events. The present essay examines a number of such texts and shows that a consistent and reliable chronology of ancient Bharata can be established on the basis of simulations using the planetarium software. Our own sense of time is rooted in astronomy, for it arises from the three fundamental motions namely, the rotation of the earth, the revolution of the earth around the sun and the revolution of the moon around the earth. It is not at all surprising that a ‘chronology’ can be established on the basis of astronomy. It is a tribute to the wisdom of the ancient rishis (sanints) of Bharata who have preserved for posterity that chronology in terms of astronomical events as recorded in various texts. The plan of the essay is as follows. First, the astronomical references in the epic Mahabharata, from which a date can be ascertained, are discussed. The methodology of arriving at a date is explained. The date arrived at is supported by star maps from the planetarium software. It is important to stress that the date of the war is determined solely on the basis of astronomical references in the epic Mahabharata alone and the date is established independently of any other source, as the sheet-anchor for the chronology of Bharata. The consistency with other texts of Vedic and other traditions is then discussed. This is followed by a discussion of the consistency with the genealogy lists from Puranas texts. A further step in establishing the chronology of Bharata is given in the simulations of the dates of certain inscriptions, namely, the dates of Vikrama samvat, Buddha nirvana, and the date of Adi Guru Sankaracharya. This essay goes a long way in demonstrating a consistent chronology of Bharata through the simulations using planetarium software, with the date of the Mahabharata War as the sheet-anchor and is largely in agreement with the chronology as advocated by Kota Venkatachelam and a host of other scholars. The Date of the Mahabharata War The importance of the date of the Mahabharata war as the sheet-anchor for the chronology of Bharata is too well known to be stated again. According to tradition, the war between the Kauravas and Pandavas took place at the transition between Dwapara and Kaliyuga, around 3000 BCE. However, ever since Western Scholars showed interest some hundred years ago in the epic and began to discuss its ‘historicity’, a lively debate (or rather a war of dates!) has been going on. While some scholars declare that the whole epic is a myth denying any historical truth to the story of the epic and ignore the tradition, many do believe that the war actually took place, but are divided as to the magnitude of the event and as to the date when it actually took place. Some scholars portray the epic as an exaggerated account of a family feud. A plethora of dates ranging from before 5000 BCE to around 1000 BCE have been proposed on the basis of estimates arrived at by using diverse methodologies (some based on fanciful assumptions) and there appears to be no consensus for the […]
In the following article, team mathomathis would showcase an information about Hopi Vedic Parallels by Prash Trivedi and understand the message of the author in the following article. Though a number of indigenous people and tribes exist all across the globe, it can be safely said that none of them have as deep an insight into the condition of Mother Earth and the wisdom to deal with it as our Hopi brothers. They are the chosen ones of the Creator as they were granted permission to hold in trust all land and life for the great Spirit at the time of emergence of the Fourth world, of the Hopis or the present age. This conclusion about the Hopi people has not been reached in haste. It has been borne out of the wisdom of ancient Indian philosophy which transcends even the starting of time and boundaries of our present Universe. According to the ancient Indian scriptures the creator “Param Brahma or Adi Purusha” created the Universe through his creative power “Adi Shakti” in a plan which comprised of three axes and several vibratory centers along these axes. Everything in the visible Universe from the smallest to biggest is made on the basis of this plan. These seven centers also exist inside the body of man as man is made in the image of the creator. The central axis in man lies along his backbone. The primordial power “Kundalini Shakti” lies in the acrum bone at the base of the spine. The awakening of this power and its journey through the seven centers is the first step in the process of self realization. Through this realization comes the wisdom to exist in harmony with Mother Nature and the capacity to realize the action-less, omnipresent, and eternal Creator. These vibratory centers also exist in the Mother earth. The Hopis also have a similar perception of the creation of the universe by the Ultimate Creator “Taiowa”. There is an idea of Mother Nature as a Spiderwoman who is responsible for the creation of these vibratory centers which echo the sound of the creator. The Hopi wisdom is also aware of the central axis and man’s axis being the backbone which controls the equilibrium of his movements and functions. The Hopi legend also talks about “Palatkwapi” or the Red House located somewhere in Central America having four stories and on the top storey there is learning of planets and stars. In this story man also learnt about the “Open Door” in the top of their heads, how to keep it open and converse with the Creator. This “Open Door” of Hopi mythology is the same as the seventh center on the central axis, and is called “Sahasrara” – the thousand petaled lotus in the Hindu scriptures. When the primordial power or the “Kundalini” is able to pass through the last center one can commune with the Creator. With time, detailed knowledge about these centers were lost among the Hopi people, but it can still be found in the holy land of India. India has time and again seen the incarnations of the Great Spirit, who have kept alive this knowledge throughout the ages. Knowledge of the ancient Indian scriptures strongly indicates that the area known as the “Four Corners”, where the Hopis have settled is an important vibratory center which will cause the emergence of the new age which is known as the Fifth World by the Hopi people. Let’s consider some facts: The Hopi believe the Creator of Man is a woman. The Sumerians believed the Creator of Man was a woman. Vedic tradition and most of the other ancient civilization believe in the feminine aspect of the creator. Vedic tradition calls her as Prakriti (Mother Nature) or Shakti (creative force responsible for weaving the web of life). Interestingly, the Hopi regard her as Spiderwoman, i.e. the one who has woven the web of life. This was the predominant thinking of most of the civilizations during the Age of Cancer, the mother sign, which lasted from around 8000B.C to 6000B.C. The Hopi believe the Father Creator is KA. The Sumerians believed the Father Essence was KA. The Vedic tradition also believes that the root of the father essence is ‘KA’ which is the first alphabet of Sanskrit, the primary language of the Vedic tradition. The Hopi believe Taiowa, the Sun God, is the Creator of the Earth. The Sumerians believe TA.EA was the Creator. The Vedic tradition also believes that the earth was born out of the Sun and has been nourished by it ever since. The Sun is seen and worshiped as the material representation of the one true God, the eternal creator provider and destroyer, in both the cultures. The Hopi believe two brothers had guardianship of the Earth. The Sumerians believed two brothers had dominion over the Earth. Almost all the cultures including the Egyptians, Mayans, Assyrians, Phoenicians, and the Jews have this concept of twin gods or brothers presiding over the affairs of the earth. This concept arises from the dual nature of the world we live in symbolized by Gemini, the sign of the twins, and worship of these twin gods was at its peak in the Age of Gemini ranging from around 4000 B.C to 2000 B.C. The Hopi believe Akush to be the Dawn Katsina. The Sumerians believed AK.U to be Beings of light. The Sanskrit word for sky, most preferably for the dawntime which is considered the most sacred time, is ‘Akash’. The Hopi name for the Pleaides is ChooChookam. The Sumerians believed SHU. SHU.KHEM were the supreme stars. Though Pleiades are significant to the Hopi people ethereal significance is given to the Great Bear or the Seven Sisters constellation. Hopi believe that they came to earth from one of the stars in the Great Bear in a big spaceship and the Vedic scriptures have detailed mythology regarding this constellation and the beings that reside there. The Hopi believe Pahana was the Lost Brother […]