Mathomathis would like to present an article on Creation and Annihilation | Vedic View by Dr. S. Siva Ram Babu MSc., Ph.D. Reader & H.O.D., Dept. of Chemistry J.K.C. College, GUNTUR- 522006
Cosmology is the branch of astronomy that deals with the overall structure and evolution of the physical universe. Although cosmological spectrum is older than civilization, modern development dates from the second decade of the 20th century, on the theoretical side, Einstein’s general theory of relativity (E = mc^2), the general theory of gravitation made possible the first self- consistent description of an unbounded self – gravitating medium. On the observable side, studies of stellar population is one of the many comparable systems (galaxies) sprinkled through out a region whose known size is limited only by the light recording power of astronomical telescopes. According to modern Physics matter and energy can be converted into each other. It was given by Einstein Law of Mass – Energy Equivalence as E = mc^2. Modern Physics tells us that there is continuous creation and annihilation of particles every where in the universe. Matter Particles transform into energy and energy transforms into matter particles. But it does not tell us much about the stages in between the transformation of matter particles and energy into each other. The Rigveda is the celebration and manifestation of Universe. It describes the evolution of the cosmos. Vedic Science accepted the continuous conversion of matter and energy into each other. It also tells us clearly about the point particles (Bindu Kanas) and about the different stages in the transformation of point particles into energy and Vice Versa. According to Vedic Science
Particle: (Pasu):- In Vedas the word used for particle is Pasu. Pasu is derived from the root word, ‘Pas’ which means ‘to see’. The primary meaning of Pasu is animal. But Vedic meaning for Pasu is visible or observable. That’s why the particle that can be seen is named as Pasu in Vedas. It is clearly mentioned in Satapatha Brahmana 6.2.1. 1-4 “Prajapati saw Agni in those Pas’us, therefore they are called Pas’us”. Angi is energy. This mantra clearly shows the Equivalence of Pas’u (Particle) and Agni (energy). There are several mantras in Vedic scriptures to this effect. Yajurveda 23.17 “Agni was Pasu”. Taittiriya Bhahmana 184.108.40.206 “Pas’ us are Agniya”. The transformation of matter particles into energy and energy into particles is well established by these mantras.
How Particles Originate:- The Purus a hymn describes the origin of particles (Pasus) in Rigveda 10.90.8. “From that Yajna curd, butter was obtained. From that, Vayavya, Aranya and Gramya Pasus were born”. Formation of curd, butter means the conversion of homogeneous energy into heterogeneous. From that, pas’us were born means particles are produced by the condensation of energy. Particles are given the name pas’u because they could be seen. Animals have been classified as Gramya, Aranya and Vayavya. Gramya animals are those animals which stay together. Grama means a place where people live together. So, we can come to the conclusion that Gramya pas’us are particles which prefer to stay together. Physicists call them as Bosons.
Aranya animals are those wild animals which prefer to stay alone. So, Aranya pas’us are particles which prefer to stay alone. Physicists call them as Fermions. Similarly Vayavya particles are field particles. Scientists are under the concept that particles interact via the exchange of field particles. For example Electromagnetic interaction takes place by the exchange of photons. Vedic scientists realized this thousands of years ago what scientists are beginning to realize only now.
Gramya Pasus: Gramya Pas’us are further divided into four types as mentioned in Rigveda. 10.90.10 hymn” From that As’va (horses) were born, who have teeth on both sides. Gau (cows), Avi (sheep) and Aja (goats) were born”.
As’va means horse. According to Yaska’s Nirukta
This means the name As’va is given because of its propagation and fast speed. As’va doesn’t mean horse in Vedas. It becomes clear by examining the hymn dedicated to As’va in Rigveda 1.163.
Sage: Dirghatama Aucathya
From this hymn it is clear that it is certainly no ordinary horse. It is the description of Asva particle precisely. Our sages described it as a flying horse. In verse one the wings are mentioned.
Verse One: “When you roared springing from sea or land after birth, your great birth is worthy of praise you have wings of eagle and arms of deer.”
There is no flying horse having wings in reality. Flying is the character of quark particles in modern science. So As’va can be considered as one of the quark particles.
Verse Two: “This horse was given by Yama. Trita harnessed it, Indra captured him first and Gandharva held its reins. Vasus made this horse from sun.”
In verse two As’va is associated with Trita. Trita means 1/3. Modern scientists recently found that quarks carry 1/3 charge. So calling As’va by the name Trita means As’va particle carries one third charge.
Verse Three: “You are Yama, you are Aditya, you are Trita by a hidden act, you are well associated with Soma. You have three bindings in Heaven it is said.”
Verse three tells that As’va is hidden. In modern science it was found that quark particles cannot be observed in isolation. Vedic sages clearly know this. So they mentioned that As’va is hidden.
Verse Eleven: “O horse, your body is made for flying, your mind is rapid as wind. Your beautiful horns are placed in various ways and travel in forests.”
In verse eleven, the horns of horse are referred. Horses don’t have horns. This description was deliberate to distinguish As’va as a particle but not simply the animal horse.
Verse Twelve: “Strong horse goes for slaughtering meditating upon the gods. His navel, goat is led ahead, praisers and poets follow him.”
Verse Twelve clearly describes horse sacrifice. In Vedas sacrifice means transformation. So it is the transformation of As’va particle into energy. That is why As’va is supposed to go to gods. In Vedas gods are various forms of energy. In this verse it is also mentioned that” Aja” is the centre of As’va. This clearly
Gau means cow. According to Yaska’s Nirukta “So Api Gaumchyate”:- This means the name Gau is given because it represents the ray of moonlight. In Brahmapurana there is an interesting story regarding the origin of Gau. This story tells that ‘adi Sakti’ (Primary energy) takes the form of Gau. From this, it is clear that energy is converted into Gau particle. This becomes clear by examining the hymn dedicated to Gau from Rigveda l0.169.
Verse Two: “Some cows are of the same colour. Some cows have different colours while some are of identical colour. Yajna Agni knows the cows. They are on Pridvi as a result of the Tapas of Angirasa. ”
In the second verse of the hymn different colors of the Gaus are described. Modern scientists gave the name colour to describe the variations of quark particles. It is amazing to notice that Vedic sages also came up with the same idea of colour to distinguish quark particles. “Indra creates white milk in black and red cows” – Rigveda 1.62.9. So, the colours describe different variations of the Gau particles.
Verse Three: “Cows sacrifice themselves in the Yajna of Gods. Soma gets strengthened by this. Indra filled the cows with milk and sends them to our sheds (gostha).” In verse three sacrifice of Gau in Yajna is described. As we know already in Vedas the sacrifice refers to transformation. As gods refer to different forms of energy, here the transformation of Gau particle into energy is described. It also reveals the association of Gau with Soma and Indra. In post-vedic period the real meaning of Gau is forgotten.
In Rigveda 7.36.1. Gau is interpreted as sun’s rays. In 9.10.3. Gau is said to be mixed with Soma. In 1.164.41 Gaus having one, two, four, eight or nine legs are mentioned. In 10.62.7 Gau is called as astakarni that is having eight ears. These verses are not describing an ordinary animal but they are describing Gau particle. In Vedic cosmology Gau particle has a very special place.
Rigveda 10.46.3. says that Trita found Agni on the head of cow. This means that Gau particle possesses 1/3 charge and can be transformed into energy.
Avi: Avi means Sheep. In yajurveda 23.11 the following question is raised. “What object is Pilipila?” The answer is given in 23.12 “Avi is Pilipila ” Pilipila is a thing which is very soft and can be pressed very easily. Avi particle is a soft particle and dense field – lines are coming out of it. Hence describing Avi particle as sheep is appropriate. According to Maitrayani samhita 4.57.7. Avi is described in three colors red, white and black. Thus vedic sages not only observed the Gramya pas’us which are nothing but quark particles but also measured their properties as well.
Aja: Aja means goat. In Svetasvatara Upanishad 4.5 Aja is said to be of three colours red, white and black creating various objects of its own form. Adharva Veda 9.5.7. says that “Aja is Agni” 9.5.13 Verse says that “Aja was born from s’oka of Agni “. Yajurveda 13.51 says that:- “Aja was born from s’oka of Agni and he saw Agni first. Gods became gods due to Aja”. From these mantras it is clear that
Agni means one that leads. Related word is ‘Agra’. In scientific terminology Agni is energy.
Satapatha Brahmana 6.5.14 says that:- “Aja is the form of all animals “. In yajurveda 23.11 the following question is raised “What object is Pis’angila?” The answer is given in 23.12 “Night is Pisangila”. In 23.56 it is said that “Aja is pis’angila who like a dog gets things out and devours it again”. So it is evident that
Thus the Gramya particles As’va, Gau, Avi are born from Aja which is born from Agni and vice versa.
Aja has been described as having only one foot is Rigveda 7.35.13. There is no goat having only one foot. This is again further proof of Aja being an intermediate step between energy and matter particles. Once the particle is formed completely, it is referred to as an animal having four feet. Agni is described as having no foot in – Rigveda 1.2.7. Thus unmanifested energy is described as having no foot, partially manifested localized energy (intermediate stage) is described as having one foot and completely manifested energy is described as animal having four feet (particle).
Once – born: (Ekaja):- Aja means not born. Sometimes Aja is referred as Ekaja which means once born. As Aja is the intermediate step between the transformation of energy into particles, Aja can be considered as localised energy. Aja is almost like energy. That is why it was given the name not – born. Ekaja means once – born. It is the first manifested energy as particle.
|Vedic View||Modern View|
|E <–> I <–> M
Agni –> Aja(not born) | Intermediate –> Ekaja (First Born) –> Dvija (Second Born) [Gau, As’va,Avi]
|E = mc^2
Energy –> Point Particles (Quarks)
From the above table clearly we notice the major difference that is quarks are considered as point particles where as Gramya particles are said to be derived from Aja particle. This means that further simplification in the quark model will give rise to the real picture of creation and annihilation.
Trilokas:- If we accept the modem view, the universe is divided into two, that is, Energy and Matter, without any interphase. The most important concept of the Vedas is the triparticle division of the Universe in Prthivi (earth), Antariks’a (inter phase) and Dyau (heaven). Each of them is called a ‘Loka’. Thus the Universe is ‘Triloka’. Prthivi means broad and extended Antariksha means existing between Dyau means bright.
The Satapatha Brahmana 220.127.116.11 says: “These lokas were together in the beginning, Earth and heaven then separated and the space between them becomes Antariksha”. Taittiriya upanishad .1.3.1. says: “Antariks’a is the junction of Prthivi and Dyau”. The most sacred gayatri mantra is “om Bhur Bhuvah swaha”. This clearly mentioned the three lokas. The lokas were formed not because the universe was divided into three, but because it was divided into two with an interphase. Scientists are divided on this. Gibbs considers the interphase as an imaginary plane dividing the two phases. Guggenheim considers the interphase to be a separate phase and assigns all the properties to an interphase that a phase can have. This is in agreement with the Vedic concept.
ShivaTandavam: Creation and annihilation is a continuous process. Every where in the universe this process is going on. The Vedic sages envisaged this process as a cosmic dance of creation. Usa is represented as dancer. Later it is represented as the cosmic dance of Lord Shiva who is also called as Nataraja. This dance is the creation and annihilation of matter and anti matter.
Author’s Conclusion: As matter and antimatter are created and annihilated in pair, according to the standard models there should be matter and antimatter in the universe. However, our universe seems to be matter dominated. Where is the corresponding antimatter? Scientists have found no evidence of antimatter dominated regions in the world. Considering that Einstein Big-Bang model has been in existence for 70 years, and so many brilliant scientists have worked to solve these problems, why is it that the problems refuse to go away. The question to ask then is if not the Big-Bang, then what? The only real challenger to Big-Bang model is the steady state Model. But it has fallen out of favour after the discovery of cosmic background radiation. Author’s strong belief that the problems faced by different models of modern cosmology can be solved by the Vedic model of cosmology. The rise and fall of Indian’s in connected to the rise and fall of Vedic science. Scientists everywhere in the world and following the spirit of Vedic science with out even realising it. By the study of creation-annihilation it is clear that Vedic cosmology is far a head of modern theories about cosmology. Vedic science is a vast treasure of knowledge. The more you dig, the more you get. What we want is the code to Vedas. With the known revealed secrets in hand let us proceed to strive, to seek and to find the ultimate realities. To achieve it the young minds of India has to work incessantly with determination as Lord Krishnan Preached in the Gita.