Mathomathis would like to present the article on the Vaimanika Shastras – Vimana Shastras by Maharshi Bharadwaaja Propounded by Venerable SUBBARAYA SHASTRY Translated into English and Edited, Printed and Published by G.R. JOSYER SCHOLAR, HISTORIAN, ESSAYIST, SANSKRITIST Printed at CORONATION PRESS, MYSORE-4, INDIA. Readers are advised to complete the previous article Vaimanika Shastras – Vimana Shastras | 101 before proceeding further.


Bharadwaaja thus defines the word Vimaana, Sutra 1:-

Vega Saamyaat Vimaano Andajaanaam | "Owing to similarity of speed with birds, it is named Vimana."

Bodhaananda Vritti: The word “andaja” means “egg-born”, and includes eagles and other birds which fly by their own volition. The Vimana is a vehicle which flies in the sky with speed comparable with birds. Lallachaarya says, “That which can fly in the sky with speed equal to that of birds, is called Vimaana.” Aachaarya Naaraayana says, “That which can speed on earth, on water, through air, by its own power, like a bird, is a “Vimana.” Shankha says, “Experts in the science of aeronautics say, “That which can fly through air from one place to another is a Vimaana” And Vishwambhara says, “Experts say that that which can fly through air from one country to another country, from one island to another island, and from one world to another world, is a “Vimaana”.” Having thus defined the name of the Vimana, the sage proceeds to describe its details.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 2:-

Rahasyagnyodhikaaree | "The pilot is one who knows the secrets."

Bodhaananda: Scientists say that there are 32 secrets of the working of the Vimana. A pilot should acquaint himself thoroughly with them before should acquaint himself thoroughly with them before he can be deemed competent to handle the aeroplane. He must know the structure of the aeroplane, know the means of its take off and ascent to the sky, know how to drive it and how to halt it when necessary, how to manoeuvre it and make it perform spectacular feats in the sky without crashing. Those secrets are given in “Rahasya-Lahari” and other works, by Lalla and other masters, and are described thus: “The pilot should have had training in mantrica and tantrica, kritaka and antaraalaka, goodha or hidden, drishya and adrishya or seen and unseen, paroksha and aparoksha, contraction and expansion, changing shape, look frightening, look pleasing, become luminous or enveloped in darkness, deluge or pralaya, vimukha, taara, stun by thunderous din, jump, move zig-zag like serpent, chaapala, face all sides, hear distant sounds, take pictures, know enemy manoeuvres, know direction of enemy approach, stabdhaka or paralyse, and karshana or exercise magnetic pull.

These 32 secrets the pilot should learn from competent preceptors, and only such a person is fit to be entrusted with an aeroplane, and not others. They are explained thus by Siddhanaatha:

  • Maantrika: As prescribed in “Mantraadhikaara” by invoking the mantras of Chhinnamasta, Bhairavee, Veginee, Siddhaamba, acquire the powers of ghutikaa, paadukaa, visible and invisible and other mantras with potent herbs and efficacious oils, and Bhuvaneswaree Mantra which confers spiritual and mesmeric powers, to construct aeroplanes, which don’t break cannot be cut, cannot be burnt, and cannot be destroyed.
  • Taantrika: By acquiring Mahaamaaya, Shambara, and other taantric powers, to endow the plane with those powers.
  • Kritaka: By study of architects like Vishwakarma, Chhaayaaparusha, Mann, Maya and others, to construct aeroplanes of various patterns.
  • Antaraala: In the wind-swept atmospheric region of the sky, in the clash at the borders of mighty currents, an inadvertent plane is likely to be smashed to pieces. But by getting warned of the approach of such danger spots, the plane could be halted and steered with care.
  • Goodha: As explained in ‘Vaayutatva-Prakarana’, by harnessing the powers, Yaasaa, Viyaasaa, Prayaasaa in the 8th atmospheric layer covering the earth, to attract the dark content of the solar ray, and use it to hide the Vimana from the enemy.
  • Drishya: By collision of the electric power and wind power in the atmosphere, a glow is created, whose reflection is to be caught in the Vishwa-Kriyaa-darapana or mirror at the front of the Vimana, and by its manipulation produce a Maaya-Vimaana or camouflaged Vimana.
  • Adrishya: According to “Shaktitantra”, by means of the Vynarathya Vikarana and other powers in the heart centre of the solar mass, attract the force of the ethereal flow in the sky, and mingle it with the balaahaavikarana shakti in the aerial globe, producing thereby a white cover, which will make the Vimana invisible.
  • Paroksha: According to “Meghotpatthi-prakarana,” or the science of the birth of clouds, by entering the second of the summer cloud layers, and attracting the power therein with the shaktya – Akarshana darpana or force-attraction mirror in the Vimana, and applying it to the parivesha or halo of the Vimana, a paralysing force is generated, and opposing Vimanas are paralysed and put out of action.
  • Aparoksha: According to ‘Shakti-tantra,’ by projection of the Rohinee beam of light, things in front of the Vimana are made visible.
  • Sankocha, or Contraction: As prescribed in the Yantraangopasamhaara section, when the Vimana is flying at speed with fully extended wings, and there is danger ahead, turning the 7th switch in the Vimana, its parts can be made to contract.
  • Vistrita: According to ‘Akaashatantra’, when the Vimana is in the central air flood in the third and first regions of the sky, by turning the switch in the 11th section of plane, it becomes expanded suitably according to “Valmeeki Ganita”
  • Viroopa Karana: As stated in “Dhooma Prakarana”, by producing the 32nd kind of smoke through the mechanism, and charging it with the light of the heat waves in the sky, and projecting it through the padmaka chakra tube to the bhyravee oil-smeared Vyroopya-darpana at the top of the Vimana, and whirling with 132nd type of speed, a very fierce and terrifying shape of the Vimana will emerge, causing utter fright to onlookers.
  • Roopaantara: As stated in “Tylaprakarana,” by preparing griddhrajihwaa, kumbhinee, and kaakajangha oils and anointing the distorting mirror in the Vimaana with them, applying to it the 19th kind of smoker and charging with the kuntinee shakti in the Vimana, shapes like lion, tiger, rhinoceros, serpent, mountain, river will appear and amaze observers and confuse them.
  • Suroopa: By attracting the 13 kinds of Karaka force mentioned in “Karaka prakarana” applying snow-surcharged air and projecting it through the air conveying tube to the pushpinee-pinjula mirrors in the front right side of the Vimana, and focusing on it the suragha beam, a heavenly damsel bedecked with flowers and jewels will appear to onlookers of the Vimana.
  • Jyotirbhaava: As stated in “Amshubodhinee,” out of Samgnaana and other 16 digits of the solar glow, by attracting the 12th to the 16th digits and focusing them on the air force in the Mayookha section in the fourth pathway in the sky, and similarly by attracting the force of the etherial glow and mingling it with the glow in the 7th layer of air mass, and then by projecting both these forces through the 5 tubes in the Vimana on to the section of the guhaa-garbha mirror, a rich glow like the morning glow of the sun will be produced.
  • Tamomaya: As described in “Darpana Prakarana,” by means of the dark force mirror, capture the force of darkness, pass it through the Thamo-Yantra in the north-west side of the Vimana, and by turning a switch produce at noon-day the utter darkness of the night of the new-moon.
  • Pralaya: As described in the magic book of destruction, attract the 5 kinds of smoke through the tube of the contracting machine in the front part of the Vimana, and merge it in the cloud-smoke mentioned in “Shadgarbha Viveka”, and pushing it by electric force through the five-limbed aerial tube, destroy everything as in a cataclysm.
  • Vimukha: As mentioned in “Rig-hridaya”, by projecting the force of Kubera, Vimukha and Vyshawaanara poison powder through the third tube of the roudree mirror and turning the switch of the air mechanism, produce wholesale insensibility and coma.
  • Taara: By mixing with etherial force 10 parts of air forte, 7 parts of water force, and 16 parts of solar glow, and projecting it by means of the star-faced mirror through the frontal tube of the Vimana; the appearance of a star-spangled sky is created.
  • Mahaashabda Vimohana: By concentrating the air force in the seven tubes of the Vimana, and turning the switch, produce, as stated in “Shabda prakaashikaa” a crescendo of thunderous din, which stuns people, and makes them quake with fear and become insensible.
  • Langhana: As stated in “Vaayu tattva prakarana” When crossing from one air stream into another, the Vimana faces the baadaba glow of the sun and catches fire. In order to prevent that, the electric force and air force in the Vimana should be conjoined and centred in the life-centre of the Vimana, and by turning the switch, the Vimana will leap into safety.
  • Saarpa-Gamana: By attracting the dandavaktra and other seven forces of air, and joining with solar rays, passing it through the zig-zagging centre of the Vimana, and turning the switch, the Vimana will have a zig-zagging motion like a serpent.
  • Chaapala: On sighting an enemy plane, by turning the switch in the force centre in the middle section of the Vimana, a 4087 revolutions an hour atmospheric wave speed will be generated, and shake up the enemy plane.
  • Sarvatomukha: When a formation of enemy planes comes to attack one’s Vimana, by turning the switch at the crown of the Vimana, make it revolve with agility and face all sides.
  • Parashabda Graahaka: As explained in “Sowdaaminee kalaa” or science of electronics, by means of the sound capturing yantra in the Vimana, to hear the talks and sounds in enemy planes flying in the sky.
  • Roopaakarshana: By means of the photographic yantra in the Vimana to obtain a television view of things inside an enemy plane.
  • Kriyaagrahana: By turning the key at the bottom of the Vimana, a white cloth is made to appear. By electrifying the three acids in the north-east part of the Vimana, and subjecting them to the 7 kinds of solar rays, and passing the resultant force into the tube of the Thrisheersha mirror and making the cloth screen face the mirror, and switching on the upper key, all the activities going on down below on the ground, will be projected on the screen.
  • Dikpradarshana: Turning the key at the front of the Vimana the dishaampati yantra will show the direction from which the enemy plane is approaching.
  • Aakaashaakaara: According to “Aakaasha-tantra”, by mixing black mica solution with neem and bhoonaaga decoctions and smearing the solution on the outer body of the Vimana made of mica plates, and exposing to solar rays, the plane will look like the sky and become indistinguishable.
  • Jalada roopa: Mixing pomegranate juice, bilva or bael oil, copper-salt, kitchen smoke, granthika or gugul liquid, mustard powder, and fish scale decoctions, and adding sea-shell and rock-salt powder, and collecting smoke of the same solution and spreading it with solar heat enveloping the cover, the Vimana will have the appearance of a cloud.
  • Stabdhaka: By projecting apasmaara poison-fume smoke through the tube on the north side on the Vimana, and discharging it with stambhana-yantra, people in enemy planes will be made unconscious.
  • Karshana: When enemy planes come in strength to destroy one’s Vimana, by setting aflame the Jwaalinee shakit in the Vyshwaanara-naala or pipe located at the navel of the plane, and switching the keys of the two wheels to 87 degrees of heat, the burning shakti will envelope the enemy plane and destroy it.

These are the 32 rahasyaas or secrets which should be known by pilots according to Siddhanaatha.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 3:-

Maargaadhikaranam Aerial Routes: Panchagnyascha | "The pilot should know five things."

Bodhaananda Vritti: As the secrets of aeronautics are indicated in the second sutra, the five atmospheric regions are referred to in the third sutra. According to Shownaka, the regions of the sky are five, named, Rekhaapathha, Mandala, Kakshya, Shakti, and Kendra. In these 5 atmospheric regions, there are 5,19,800 air ways traversed by Vimanas of the Seven Lokas or worlds, known as Bhooloka, Bhuvarloka, Suvarloka, Maholoka, Janoloka, Tapoloka and Satyaloka. Dhundinaatha and “Vaalmeeki Ganita” state that:

  • Rekha has 7,03,00,800 air routes
  • Mandala has 20,08,00,200 air routes
  • Kakshya has 2,09,00,300 air routes
  • Shakti has 10,01,300 air routes and
  • Kendra has 30,08,200 air routes.

According to “Vaalmeeki Ganita” in the

  • Rekhaapathha region, sections 1 to 4 are suitable for the passage of the Vimanas of this Bhooloka
  • In the Mandala region sections 3 to 5 are suitable for Vimanas of Bhuvarloka, Suvarloka, and Maholoka dwellers.
  • For the Janoloka, Vimanas sections 2 to 5 in the Kakshya region are suitable.
  • Section 1 to 6 in the Shakti region are suitable for the Vimanas of Tapoloka.
  • For the dwellers of Bramhaloka sections 3 to 11 in the Kendra region are suitable.

Maharashi Bharadwaaja Sutra 4: –

Aavartaascha | "Whirl-Pools"

Aavartaas or aerial whirlpools are innumerable in the above regions. Of them the whirlpools in the routes of Vimanas are five.

  • In the Rekhapathha there occurs “Shaktyaavarta” or whirlpool of energy.
  • In Mandala-pathha there occurs the whirlpool of winds.
  • In Kakshyaa-pathha there occurs Kiranaavarta or whirlpool from solar rays.
  • In Shakti-pathha there occurs shytyaavarta or whirlpool of cold-currents.
  • And in Kendra-pathha there occurs gharshanaavartha or whirl-pool by collision. Such whirlpools are destructive of Vimanas, and have to be guarded against. The pilot should know these five sources of danger, and learn to steer clear of them to safety.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 5:-

Angaanyekatrimsat. | "The parts are thirty one"

Bodhaananda Vritti: Just as the human body, if it is complete in all its limbs, is best able to accomplish things, the Vimana, if it is complete in all its parts, will be capable of functioning efficiently. From the location of the Vishwakriyaadarpana. 31 locations of Vimana components are mentioned. According to “Chaayaapurusha Shaastra” they are:

  • Vishwakriyaadarpana or mirror of outside views.
  • Shaktyaakarshana or energy attracting mirror
  • Parivesha mechanism above the hood of the Vimana.
  • Angopasamhaara yantra or folding up yantra at the 7th bindukeelaka.
  • Vistritakriyaa or opening out yantra location in the middle of the 11th section.
  • Vyroopya darpana
  • Padmachakramukha at the shirobhaaga or crest of the Vimana.
  • The Kuntinee-shakti mechanism is to be in the neck of the Vimana.
  • Pushpinee and Pinjulaa Mirrors are to be in the right side of the centre.
  • At the front of the left side are to be located the Naalapanchaka or 5 pipes.
  • Guhaagarbha mirror yantra is to be in the front part of the stomach of the plane.
  • Thamoyantra at the north western side.
  • Pancha-vaataskandha-naala on the western centre.
  • Rowdree mirror.
  • Vaataskandha keelaka at the bottom centre.
  • Shaktisthaana at the front and right sides.
  • Shabda-kendra-mukha at the left side.
  • Vidyuddwaadashaka at the north-east side.
  • Praanakundala at the moola of the Vimana.
  • Shaktyudgama at the navel of the Vimana.
  • Vakraprasaarana at the side of Vimanaadhaara.
  • Shaktipanjara in the central portion.
  • Shirahkeelaka at the head of the Vimana.
  • Shabdaakarshaka yantra at the shoulder.
  • Pata-prasaarana at the bottom centre.
  • Dishaampati yantra at the left front.
  • Pattikaabhraka at the centre of the hood of the Vimana.
  • Solar power attractor at the top of the Vimana.
  • Apasmaara or poison gas at the sandhi-naala mukha or junction tube front.
  • Sthambhana yantra at the bottom.
  • Vyshwaanara-naala at the navel center

This is the placing of the 31 components of the Vimana.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 6:-

"Yantu-praavaraneeyow prithak prithak ritubhedaat." | "The clothing should be different for different seasons."

The sootra defines the clothing which is to be provided to the pilot in accordance with different seasonal conditions. The impact of the sun’s myriad rays on the revolving earth causes seasonal climatic changes. Their effects on human life are either wholesome or unwholesome, as the case may be. The latter cause cramps, drain blood, and denude the body of fat, flesh, and other ingredients. The evil forces of the seasons are reckoned as 25, and affect the skin, bone, flesh, fat, muscles, nerves, joints and other parts of the pilots’ body. The clothing provided to them should be such as to safeguard against such effects, and maintain their efficiency.

According to “Pata-samskaara Ratnaakara”, silk, cotton, moss, hair, mica, leather, are to be purified by 25 processes, washed with mica-saturated water, and spun into yarn as prescribed by Gaalava. Then fibres from the ketaki flower palm, arka or swallow wort or madar, sun flower tree, cocoanut and jute, should each be purified 8 times as prescribed and by 19 processes, spun into yarn, and woven into cloth. Then the cloth should be soaked in the oils of linseed, tulasi or basil, goose-berry, shamee or acacia suma, bael, and mustard, and dried in the sun 5 times daily for 7 days. Then yellow ochre, lac, tamarind, honey and gingelly manure and mica in equal parts and yena-kshaara salt, put in a crucible vessel, placed in koorma furnace, and boiled with the aid of 3 faced bellows. 8 seers of linseed juice should be added to it. Bees wax, mica, shinjeera, vajra, borax, and ashoka fruit should be boiled, and their oil mixed with the other composition, and boiled in garbhataapana yantra. Then the cloth should be soaked in that decoction and dried 5 times. With this material, fashioning the apparel and clothes of the pilots handsomely, according to the types of the cloth and requirements the crew, as prescribed by Agnimitra, and handing it to them to wear, they should be conferred benediction, given a protective amulet and then sent out with cheers. It will ward off evils, promote fitness of body and health of mind, and improve their strength, energy, and competence.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 7:-

"Aahaarah Kalpabhedaat"| "Food according to Seasons."

Bodhaananda Vrritti: As stated in Kalpa Sutra, the food of the pilots is of three kinds, according to the seasons. “Ashana-Kalpa” or “Principles of Diet”, says–“During the spring and summer months, the pilot’s food should consist of buffalo-milk among liquids, among grains aadhaka or tuvar-dhal, and among flesh, the flesh of sheep. In the 4 months of rains and autumn, cow’s milk among liquids, wheat and black-gram among grains, and flesh of cocks and hens. In the 4 months of winter and snow, goat’s-milk, yava and black-gram among grains, and flesh of sparrows. For pilots belonging to the three Dwija castes of Braahmin, Kshatriya and Vyshya, the food will not include flesh.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 8:-

"Visha Naashas Tribhyaha" | "The three Varieties ward off seasonal evil effects"

Bodhaananda Vritti: The 25 kinds of poisonous effects of the seasons are warded off by alteration in the food so as to suit the seasonal conditions. “Vishanirnaya-adhikara” states |  The seasons are each differently conditioned by the changes in the watery forces in the sky. The 101 forces in the aerial atmosphere, colliding with the 1/16th force in the watery sky in the seventh region, at the sineevaalee and kuhoo yogas or full-moon and new-moon conjunctions, produce maleficent and beneficent effects. The beneficent forces are 7,58,00,700 in number, and the maleficent forces also are of the same number, according to “Vaalmeeki Ganita”. The beneficent effects are during the full moon period, and the maleficent effects during the new moon period. 25 maleficent poisonous forces known as Bhedinee, tend to paralyse the pilots’ physical efficiency. That is avoided by altering their food according to seasons. So says Sage Shaataatapa. By such adjustment the pilots’ physical fitness will be maintained.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 9:-

"Tat Kaalaanusaaraat iti"| "That at set times"

Bodhaananda Vritti: Having defined the seasonal types of food, the meal times are now defined. According to Shownaka, the times for taking meals are prescribed as follows: Family men should take food twice a day, or once a day. Ascetics should take food once a day. Others can take food four times a day. Air pilots should take food 5 times a day. And yogis may take as many times as they like. According to “Lalla-kaarika” or “Diet Rules” by Lalla, Food should be taken at the end of the 2nd yaama-(yaama=3 hours) in the day time, and at the end of the 1st yaama in the night. That is for family men. If they take only one meal a day, it should be during the 3rd and 4th yaamas. Sanyaasis or ascetics who eat only once a day should dine as above. For the labouring classes the times are thrice during day time, and once in the night. For pilots of Vimanas the meals are thrice during day time, and twice at night.

Maharshi Bharadwaaja Sutra 10:-

"Tadabhaavay Sathva-Golovaa"| "If unavailable, then vitamin pills or food-balls"

Bodhaananda Vritti: If the prescribed food-stuffs are not available for use during their flights, then essence extracts made by proper cooking with admixture of spices and condiments into potable and eatable form, or food balls-made out of them should be supplied to the pilots for consumption on flights. Says “Ashana kalpa” or “Food manual”, “There are 5 kinds of food, that are nutritious and wholesome; cooked rice or grain, gruel, cooked flour, baked flat bread, and preparations made out of essence-extracts from food materials. The last named are superior to all the others”. “Paakasarvasva” or “Art of cooking” observes, “Removing the husk and other non-food parts from it by machines, the grain should be made into flour and cooked in a suitable vessel and when it has reached the 8th degree of reduction, add essences, sweets, condiments, and ghee, and prepare food-balls, having nice flavor and delicious taste, and being nourishing to the body.